What is the Marburg virus?Another country reports outbreak of ‘highly virulent’ disease

(new nation) – The African country of Tanzania has reported its first-ever Marburg outbreak, with a total of eight cases and five deaths so far. The Ebola-related virus was also the cause of additional laboratory-confirmed illness resulting from: February outbreak In Equatorial Guinea, 9 cases have been reported so far, 7 of whom have died.

In a statement released earlier this week, the World Health Organization said an additional 161 people — all considered “contacts” of the sick person — are being monitored for symptoms.

“The efforts by the Tanzanian health authorities to determine the cause of the disease underscore their determination to respond effectively to the outbreak,” Dr Machidiso Moeti, WHO’s Regional Director for Africa, was quoted in a recent statement. rice field. news release. “We are working with governments to rapidly expand control measures to contain the spread of the virus and end the outbreak as quickly as possible.”

On the other hand, ‘highly virulent’ Marburg disease causes symptoms such as fever (and hemorrhagic fever), fatigue, diarrhea and vomiting. It also has a fatality rate of 88%, according to WHO.

What is the Marburg virus?

Like Ebola, the Marburg virus originates in bats and is spread between people through close contact with bodily fluids of an infected person or surfaces such as contaminated bed sheets.

illness is highly contagious viral hemorrhagic fever, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is produced by an RNA virus from the same filoviridae family as the Ebola virus.

Without treatment, Marburg disease can be fatal in up to 88% of people. According to WHOdepending on the viral strain and quality of case management.

According to the CDC, Marburg probably first infected people in the following countries: african flying fox As a result of long-term exposure from people working in mines and caves with colonies of Rousettus bats.

The rare virus was first identified in 1967 after causing simultaneous disease outbreaks in laboratories in Marburg, Germany and Belgrade, Serbia. Seven people who were exposed to the virus while studying monkeys died.

What are the symptoms of Marburg disease?

According to WHO, symptoms such as high fever, severe headache, chills and malaise may start “suddenly”. Other symptoms include nausea, jaundice, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Muscle pain and cramping are also common symptoms.

According to the CDC, A non-itchy rash may appear On the chest, back, or stomach around day 5. Clinical diagnosis of Marburg “can be difficult” because many of the symptoms are similar to other infections such as malaria, typhoid fever and Ebola, officials said.

Fatal cases typically result in death between 8 and 9 days after the onset of disease symptoms and are usually preceded by severe blood loss or hemorrhage and multiple organ failure. (During “severe bleeding episodes,” patients may have blood in their vomit and stools, “often with bleeding from the nose, gums, and vagina,” according to the WHO.

How is Marburg disease treated?

There is no licensed vaccine or drug to treat Marburg disease, but hydration treatments to relieve symptoms can improve your chances of survival.

According to the CDC, Supportive care in hospital can improve survivalFor example, rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids, maintenance of oxygen levels, use of drug therapy, and treatment when certain symptoms occur.

According to the CDC, some “experimental treatments” for Marburg disease have been tested on animals, but not on humans.

Where are outbreaks reported?

Marburg outbreaks have been reported more than a dozen times since 1967, mainly in African countries such as South Africa, Kenya, Angola and Uganda. According to WHO. Outbreaks have also been reported in Germany, Yugoslavia, Russia, and the Netherlands, with one case reported in the United States in 2018 and an observed traveler recently returning from travel to Uganda. What is the Marburg virus?Another country reports outbreak of ‘highly virulent’ disease

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