((((conversation) – “Meleagris Gallopavo Day” is a bit of a bite. This may be the reason for this Thanksgiving. Most people will choose “Turkish Day”, which is not ornithologically accurate.
As Etymology scholars, I love “speaking turkey”. Not only how the bird was named, but also how the word evolved over time. But let’s start with what’s the highlight of most Thanksgiving dinners.
When Spanish explorers arrived in the Americas and brought them back to their home countries, Europeans glanced at the first turkey around 1500. By the 1520s, turkeys Breeding in Spain, And soon its delicacy appeared on the table of wealthy people all over Europe.
But what do you call a new import? Europeans in the New World were overwhelmed by the new plants and animals they saw and used names familiar to unfamiliar species. For example, in Spanish, I thought that turkeys looked like peacocks, so in Spanish, “Pavos.. The French called them “poules d’Indes” or Indian chickens, later “dinde.. “
To the British, the newly discovered American bird looked like a guinea fowl. This is a bird native to Africa, but was brought to Europe by Arab and Turkish traders in the 14th and 15th centuries.
And it is at this point in the story that modern turkeys named it.
NS Ottoman Empire It was that height at that time. Ethnic Turks based in Constantinople (now Istanbul) ran an empire that spanned the Near East, Middle East and North Africa. As a result, for many Europeans, anyone in the “east” was a “Turkish.”
Many of the agricultural products that came to Europe were considered “Turkey” because the Ottoman Empire dominated trade in the Eastern Mediterranean. Therefore, the Persian gemstone was named “turquoise” and the French version of that name “Pierre Turquoise” gave us “Pierre Turquoise”.Turquoise.. “
Similarly, the African guinea fowl introduced by Turkish traders have become “turkey roosters” or “turkey chickens.” Over time, this was simply shortened to “turkey.”
It’s a feast now!
As long as New World turkeys are in Europe, they have been introduced in festive meals.English words are printed first Banquet description Organized by politician John Prideau in 1555: The menu includes 38 red deer, 43 pheasants, 50 marmelos, 63 swan, 114 pigeons, 120 rabbits, 840 lark, Included 325 gallons of Bordeaux wine, “Turkeys 2.4 seconds”. a piece. “
But the most famous turkey supper in history Served at Plymouth Plantation in 1621When 50 pilgrims who survived the brutal hardships of a year joined 90 Native Americans for a three-day feast. Turkey wasn’t the only dish served.Write to him History of Plymouth PlantationGovernor William Bradford said Native Americans brought in “tara, bass and other fish” and others brought “water fools” and venison. But he was particularly impressed with the “great wild turkey shop”.
Birds have become very relevant to the festive dinner at harvest, calling Thanksgiving “Turkish Day” since at least 1870.
Meanwhile, the word continues to find new uses, Dozens of meanings.. In 1839, the magazine Southern Literal Messenger, edited by Edgar Allen Poe, reported on a new type of dance called the “Turkey Trot” because of its cramping movements.
In 1920, the New York Ministry of Health reported that “some addicts voluntarily stop taking opiates and are” suffering “… they are called” taking “in their slang.” bottom.Cold turkey.. ‘”
The turkey’s reputation for stupidity has prompted other meanings.Legendary gossip columnist Walter Winchell Told the readers 1927 Vanity Fair About some new entertainment slang: “‘Turkey’,” he reported, “a third-rate work.”
Since then, movies that flop with critics and box office have been called turkeys.
Another derogatory sensation arrived in the 1950s. At that time, Turkey became the name of “stupid, slow, incompetent, or other worthless person.” As a result, probably “Jive turkeyFirst appeared in African-American speeches in the early 1970s and was defined in the slang. Rekishicographer Jonathon Green that’s why “Dishonest, deceptive, dishonest person.. “
Jive or straight talk?
And what about “Talk Turkey”? Well, that can mean a lot of contradictions.
A 1859 dictionary defines it as “to speak ridiculously, speak nonsense.” Similar meanings are given to other turkey-related words.gobbledygook.. “
Another definition, “Americanisms, Old & New,” found in 1889, states “Talking turkey“Uses high-pitched words when plain English works equally well or better.”
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It is often said that the most familiar meaning of “talking turkey”, which is a substitute for “straight talk”, comes from a once popular joke. The story of whites and Native Americans continued, hunting together for a day, and managed to put a turkey and a slightly less abundant buzzer in the bag. The devious white man proposes a “head-me-win-tail-you lose” split of the plunder. “I take turkey, and you take turkey,” he says, “or if you want, you take turkey, and I take turkey.” Frustrated America Indian Reply-usually in some versions of Comic Pidgin English- “You tell me all the quarrels, and turkeys don’t.”
Who does Study the history of words I’m skeptical of such stories, as most were invented after the fact. Perhaps the “talk turkey” came from a fun conversation at Thanksgiving dinner or negotiations between Native Americans and European settlers over the cost of poultry. But whatever the origin, when we “talk about turkey,” we engage in candid and honest speeches, as if a conspiracy hunter denied his hunting partner.
Talking turkey! Origin of the Thanksgiving bird name (and lent it to the movie flop)
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