Nearly 40 cities across the country are recruiting 4,000 young adults aged 25-35 to better understand how the environment, lifestyle and physical activity affect respiratory health. Participating in research to track and analyze lifelong lung health. Admission to Northwestern University is already underway.
“In the United States, there has never been a lifelong study of actually examining people to understand who has or does not have chronic lung disease,” said the principal investigator and deputy division of the study. Dr. Rabbi Kalhan, the chief, said. Studies of lung and emergency medicine in northwestern medicine.
There have been studies focused on helping people quit smoking, but “we are not trying to focus on non-smoking people’s behaviors that affect respiratory illness.” Said Kalhan.
The American Lung Association Lung Health Cohort Study We are trying to identify the ideal situation of respiratory health and understand the major risk factors and biomarkers associated with pulmonary health problems.
Researchers are interested in understanding how health behaviors, social factors, environmental exposures, and personal medical histories affect the evolution of lung health, including the effects of COVID-19.
“The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened the urgent need to address lung health here in the United States,” said Harold Wemmer, CEO of the American Lung Association. “Here in the United States, lung disease is one of the leading causes of death, and the COVID-19 pandemic makes it urgent to actually learn and understand the lungs and more than 50 different lung conditions. Affects. “
Climate change, air pollution, and tobacco are also important factors to consider, according to Wimmer, as they are also associated with lung health.
“We are pleased that smoking rates have dropped significantly over the past few years to the lowest level of 12.5% for adults who are currently smoking. This is very good, but we are very. I’m worried … e-cigarettes between our youth, especially junior high and high school students, “he said. “Two million young adults are currently using it when smoking e-cigarettes, and I forget to say that lung cancer is the largest cancer murderer in women and men in the United States. You can not.”
According to researchers, this study is the first federal-funded longitudinal study of millennials.
“We believe that the age at which respiratory health peaks is in young adults,” said Kalhan, who captures childhood effects such as where people live and grow in young adult studies. increase. “All other research is done in the baby boomers … and the baby boomers are not similar to millennials. We need to better understand the differences.”
So far, 140 participants have enrolled in this study. This includes Lindy Olive (28 years old) from Chicago, who obtained COVID-19 in April 2021.
“I didn’t start thinking about myself and my lung health until I got a COVID,” said a four-acre landfill in the countryside of Alabama, with the Environmental Protection Agency’s superfund site. Olive, who lived and worked near the landfill, said. “Until I got infected with COVID, I had good lung health. I couldn’t climb the stairs without getting caught in the wall.”
Her symptoms lasted only a few weeks, but Olive told her that her infection was “everything (my) life and everywhere (me) lived, and how it was to my lung health. It served as an awakening call to find out if it affected. ” “
At the beginning of the study, the individual completes an assessment to determine eligibility, including the provision of blood and nasal samples. Participants also Low-dose CT scan.. Participants are contacted four times a year for a brief follow-up over a five-year period. Individuals are not eligible to participate if they have a history of severe asthma or other chronic lung disease, cancers other than nonmelanoma skin cancer, or are currently pregnant.
The study currently plans to follow participants for five years, but researchers hope to be able to maintain funding to track individuals for decades.
“There was no really good lung cancer life course study,” Kalhan said. “We want to fill that gap.”
Northwest Recruitment Millennials for Lung Health Surveys in Chicago | Chicago News
Source link Northwest Recruitment Millennials for Lung Health Surveys in Chicago | Chicago News