Cairo (AP) — Libya is hosting an international conference aimed at solving the most difficult problems in the country ahead of the general elections scheduled for December. Representatives from the West, the region and the United Nations meet on Thursday in the capital, Tripoli.
According to documents obtained by the Associated Press, some controversial issues include maintaining a national ceasefire, consolidating many armed groups in the country under a single security agency, and withdrawing foreign fighters. Is on the table.
Libya has been in turmoil since the NATO-backed uprising defeated long-time dictator Mu’ammar Gaddafi in 2011. He was captured and killed by an armed group two months later. For many years, oil-rich countries were divided between rival governments based in the capital Tripoli and governments based in the eastern part of the country. Each side is supported by different foreign forces and militias.
After months of UN-backed negotiations, a provisional government was elected in February, leading the country to the presidential and parliamentary elections on December 24. As the countdown to voting begins, the differences reappear among Libyan rivals who place the entire reconciliation process. At risk.
“Libyan people are choosing peace and stability today,” Libyan Prime Minister Abdul Hamiddobeiba tweeted before the meeting, the day after Gadafi’s 10th anniversary. “Tripoli has healed and regained its symbol as a unified capital. Libya’s stability is the only way to complete the construction of our civilian, security and military institutions. We elect on time. I’m going to. “
Foreign Ministers of Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria and Kuwait arrived in Tripoli and participated in the talks. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, US Deputy Assistant Secretary for Eastern Question Jael Lempert, and German Foreign Ministry Niels Annen are also present.
Attendees will discuss an initiative initiated by the Libyan Interim Government entitled “Stabilization of Libya”. A document detailing the initiative obtained by the Associated Press suggests the creation of an international group to assist Libya’s interim government in resolving key issues.
According to the document, regional and international assistance is needed to strengthen the UN-backed ceasefire, ensure the withdrawal of mercenaries and foreigners, and unite many Libyan armed groups under a single command. Is.
Earlier this month, a UN mission to mediate between rivals in Libya was a “gradual and balanced” of foreign fighters by a 10-member joint military committee with five representatives from each side. He said he had agreed to start withdrawal. The controversy over mercenaries and foreign fighters has long been an obstacle, especially prior to Libya’s groundbreaking general election.
Libya’s civil war intensified in 2019, with self-proclaimed military commander Harifa Hifter, who had allied with the eastern government, from armed militias in the country’s capital, supported by the United Nations but loosely allied with a weak government. Launched an attack to rob.
Hifter was backed by Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Russia and France. However, his 14-month campaign and march in Tripoli eventually failed in June 2020, after Turkey sent troops to support the UN-supported regime.
After a significant stagnation in the fighting, subsequent UN-sponsored peace talks brought a ceasefire in October last year and set up a provisional government that is expected to lead the country to the December elections. The armistice also included the departure of foreign troops and mercenaries within three months. This was never done.
The United Nations estimates that there have been at least 20,000 foreign fighters and mercenaries in Libya over the past few years, including Russians, Syrians, Sudanese and Chads.
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Libya Conference Hopes to Save Planned December Elections | WGN Radio 720
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