After a major financial blow to the US higher education sector in the last few years, experts say recruitment of international students is essential to the recovery of the industry.
Registration of international students at US universities has been stalled and withdrawn in the last three years due to high costs, barriers to immigration and employment channels, and crimes recognized as political rhetoric. Institute for International Education (IIE).
COVID-19 Pandemic Accelerated this decline According to the IIE, enrollment rates for international students in the fall 2020s have fallen by 43%.
And the trade war between the United States and China could cost US universities up to $ 1.15 billion in tuition income. Study from the University of California, San Diego To tell.
“Foreign tuition income is an important aspect of US service exports,” the author said. “Most of the conversations about trade with China have focused on the goods trade deficit, but unreasonably little attention has been paid to the trade surplus on education services.”
According to the IIE’s annual Open Doors report, about one-third of the more than one million international students in the United States come from China.
The report shows How Income Growth in High-income Households Is Related to Exports of Educational Services from the United States Chinese cities exposed to the trend of trade liberalization with the United States are attracting more students as wealth grows I sent it to study abroad. According to the report, between 2004 and 2014, about a quarter of Chinese students in the United States were occupied solely by more liberal trade policy.
File-This March 14, 2019, File Photo student walks on the campus of Stanford University in Santa Clara, California. The trade war between the United States and China has been reported to result in losses of up to $ 1.15 billion in tuition income to US universities.
The Trump administration imposed a 20 percent point tariff increase on Chinese goods in 2018 to promote American goods, making imported goods more expensive. Researchers have found that over the next decade, there will be about 30,000 fewer Chinese students attending American universities. As a result, education exports to China could decline by 8% and US educational institutions could lose up to $ 1.15 billion in revenue.
“If the trade war continues, some of the profits that result from free trade will diminish,” said Guarab Kanna, co-author of “Trade Liberalization and Chinese Students in US Higher Education.” Said. July 2020. “The free trade will facilitate the influx of students into the United States, and restricting trade will reverse some of it.”
According to the IIE, the enrollment rate of international students in China increased by 0.8% last year.
“This is a very small number compared to the exponential growth seen five years ago,” Khana told VOA. “The percentage of international students is very high and has really slowed since 2016. It has slowed even further due to the trade war.”
High tariffs affecting China’s wealthiest cities can help explain the decline in international student enrollment in US universities. Meanwhile, competitors are increasing their recruitment.
In a Brisbane Times opinion piece published on February 19, La Trobe University Prime Minister John Branby said that international students should attend Australian higher education institutions because education is Australia’s fourth largest export. We need to welcome and encourage. In addition, he writes that Chinese students are stimulating the Australian economy and supporting at least 250,000 jobs in Australia.
“Students choose to study abroad, but they choose countries such as Canada and Australia. These countries not only make it easy for students to go to these countries, but they also stay and work. The purpose is to make it easier to do, “Kanna said. “In the last two years, the United States has become more difficult for these students.”
File-June 7, 2019 This photo shows the campus of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh. The Biden administration appears to continue its trade war with China, AP reports, and it may continue to affect international student enrollment.
The Biden administration seems ready to continue the trade war with China, Associated Press reported, May continue to affect the registration of international students. Analysts do not expect tariff cuts.This could further accelerate the slowdown and potential decline in enrollment of Chinese students in the United States
One indicator this year shows that registrations from other countries have “surged”.
Jenny Rickard, President and CEO of Common Applications, said in January that “international applicants surged compared to 2019-20 and showed significant growth in some home countries.” It was. Common app Is a standardized university application used by approximately 900 higher education institutions in the United States and internationally.
“Applicants from China decreased by 18%, but India (+ 28%), Canada (+ 22%), Pakistan (+ 37%), United Kingdom (+ 23%), Brazil (+ 23%), etc. Other countries have shown remarkable growth. + 41%) “explained Likert.
International student registration in the US is a hit
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