Lakeshore Drive is now named after Chicago’s Haitian founder, Jumbaptist Pointe Dusable. The city added an “s” to Douglass Park and changed its name from white supremacist Stephen A. Douglas to abolitionist Frederick Douglass. Last week, Mayor Lori Lightfoot dedicated a monument to bronzeville journalist Ida B. Wells.
Chicago does a great job celebrating the historical contributions of African Americans. But these honors are rising, even though African Americans are becoming more difficult to live here. No matter how many racial equality monuments we have built, the fact remains that Chicago itself is a monument to racial inequality and that inequality is exacerbating.
Consider this statistic of the mural above Madison and Kostner in West Garfield Park. This is a 95% black region that is the result of Chicago’s history as one of the most isolated cities in the United States. The median home price in West Garfield Park is $ 164,500 in comparison. $ 593,000 at Lincoln Park.
That wasn’t always the case. In 1970, the median household incomes in West Garfield Park and Lincoln Park were about the same. Adjusted to the current dollar, it was $ 37,363 vs. $ 40,929. Today, West Garfield Park earns $ 23,857 and Lincoln Park earns $ 100,326. In 1970, the unemployment rate for blacks in Chicago was 6.9%, while the unemployment rate for whites was 3.5%. By 2016, the gap had gone from 21.9% to 4.9%. In 1980, black wages were 4.6 percent lower than white wages. Currently, they are 21.9 percent lower.
What has happened in the last 50 years? Social and economic factors that destroyed the American middle class, such as globalization, outsourcing, and the loss of blue-collar industrial activity, have hit Chicago’s black community in particular. Manufacturing jobs that attracted African Americans to Chicago during the big move have disappeared and have not been replaced by similarly high-paying jobs.
“Jobs in the services, retail and information sectors have replaced lost manufacturing jobs in many Northside districts, but these developments occur to the same extent in the south and west sides of the city. I didn’t. ” “Between a big move and an expanding escape: the future of Black Chicago?”, Report by UIC Institute on Race and Public Policy. “Many majority of black neighborhoods in the city have declined as major manufacturing companies acted as employment anchors and indirectly supported local neighborhood economies, resulting in continued loss of employment and financial opportunities. “
A map of Chicago’s middle-class census zone was published in 1970. They were evenly spread throughout the city.. Currently, most of the south and west are low-income, but the northern lakeside is very high-income. The uneven distribution of this resource has also led to the uneven distribution of violence. A 2013 Analysis by Daniel Keihertz In the early 1990s (when there were 900 murders a year in Chicago), Chicago’s most dangerous areas were found to be six times more violent than the safest areas. By the late 2000s, the most dangerous areas were 15 times more violent. Blacks are 17 times more likely to be shot in Chicago than whites. City homicide rates have fallen from record highs, but most of the safety gains are occurring in economically prosperous areas.
With less work and more violence, the population will decrease. Since 1970, West Garfield Park has lost 63% of its population. Throughout the city, blacks were once the largest ethnic group in Chicago, but their numbers have dropped from 1.2 million in 1980 to 780,000 today. They lag behind the inflating whites of Lake View, Lincoln Park and Loop. This jeopardizes Chicago’s position as a mecca for black politics in the United States, home to more black parliamentarians than any other city and a training ground for the first black president. In the city council, two black wards were converted to other groups. Strongly pressed to maintain their number In parliament and the legislature.
The legacy of segregation may be more permanent and difficult to overcome than Jim Crow’s legacy. The Corporate Development Corporation reports that Chicago’s racial wealth inequality is worse than the country as a whole.The· Median household income Blacks here are $ 30,303, while whites are $ 70,960. It’s even worse than Mississippi, the state has so many blacks fled to Chicago during a big move. In Mississippi, the median income for blacks is $ 32,965. Illinois’ black homicide rate (36.4 per 100,000) was 3.5 times higher than in recent 2016 in Mississippi.
According to a UIC study, many of the economic incentives that attracted blacks to the north in the 20th century have reversed, and the south has become more equal and offers opportunities.
Comparing the black and white wage gaps in Chicago and the three southern cities, where many blacks migrated in the mid-20th century, Chicago’s wage discrimination was much lower than in comparable southern cities from 1940 to 1980. “The author of the report wrote. “This is in line with the general story that blacks moved from discriminatory south to north, economic opportunities were more easily available, and racism was less prevalent. However, since 1980, the racial inequality in Chicago has worsened, becoming similar to many southern cities in 1990 and 2000, and worse than many southern cities in 2010 and 2016. At 22%, it was 10 percentage points worse than the 12% wage gap in Colombia, South Carolina. “
In racial symbolism, Chicago can continue to claim its moral advantage over the South. There is no monument to honor the Confederates. We didn’t vote for Trump. The entire Illinois parliamentary delegation resolved to make Juneteenth a federal holiday, but a few Southern Republicans voted against it. But when it comes to racial equality, Lincoln’s land can no longer be claimed to be superior to the South. In fact, we are getting worse.
Chicago respects black history, but it’s getting worse now – Chicago Magazine
Source link Chicago respects black history, but it’s getting worse now – Chicago Magazine